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How To Care For Your Tent: Cleaning, Repair, & Storage Tips

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High-quality camping and backpacking tents are expensive, but they’re well worth the cost if you use them for years of adventures. In our experience, a little extra care goes a long way to prolong the lifespan of a shelter.

Here are a few tricks we’ve learned over the decades about properly maintaining, repairing, and storing tents to keep them in peak condition.

Established campsites with smooth, packed dirt are the easiest on your tent floor

Protecting Your Tent On Trail


One of the simplest things you can do to protect your tent is to choose your campsite wisely. Established campsites with smooth, packed dirt are the easiest on your tent floor. Before you set up your tent, do a quick sweep of the site and clear any loose rocks, sticks, and debris that could puncture your tent floor. A footprint will help prolong the life of your tent floor even further. Though we rarely use one when backpacking because of the added weight, it’s a useful add-on for car camping trips.

Leaving your shoes in the vestibule will keep things much cleaner & reduce wear and tear on your tent


Animals (mostly rodents) will happily chew through your tent to get to your food if they get a whiff. We’ve seen this happen before. It’s not pretty. To avoid a mouse near your head at 2am and a hole in your tent, it’s best to store your food in your car, an Ursack, or bear canister away from your campsite.

Keeping your food in a chew-proof Ursack outside of your tent will help keep rodents at bay


During setup, it’s an easy habit to shake your poles and allow the shock cord sections to whip into place. However, this puts unnecessary stress on your poles and cords. Your tent will last longer if you take your time and connect the segments one at a time by hand. This similarly ensures that each segment is fully inserted into the previous one, maximizing its strength under flexion. We’ve split a few pole segments at the tip because we were a little too hasty with our setup.

When taking your tent down, set your poles out of the way until you’re ready to break them down so you don’t accidentally step on them. And be careful not to overstretch the inner cords that hold them together when you fold them up.

Carefully assemble & fold your tent poles to reduce pre-mature aging


You’ll inevitably snag your tent’s zipper at some point. If this happens, don’t force it. Instead, slowly and gently pull the zipper back while wiggling the fabric free. It can be helpful to have a small multitool with pliers to realign zipper teeth if they get bent out of place (though notably, this works best on old-school metal zippers and less well on most newer plastic zippers). Periodically wiping down your zippers with a damp cloth and applying a wax-based lubricant (or chapstick in a pinch) will help keep them working smoothly.

Zippers tend to be the first things to wear out on a tent, so it pays to be careful with them & give them some love


Shaking out your tent during takedown ensures that there is no debris or dirt left inside when you pack it in its stuff sack. Holding the tent with two hands out in front of you, we like to tilt it slightly to settle all the dirt in one corner, then give it a few gentle bounces to get the debris out through the door

It’s easy to shake sand & debris out of your tent before packing it up, especially if your shelter is freestanding


This comes down to neatness versus speed. Folding your tent into thirds and rolling it with the poles in the center protects the poles and is gentler on the tent fabric. As you start to roll, use your hand to sweep away dirt, sand, pine needles, or any debris, as you work your way up. We prefer rolling for long-term storage after or between trips at home.

For on trail carrying, we carefully stuff our tent either directly into our pack, avoiding putting it next to hard items like cookware and careful not to snag it on anything sharp, or first into a stuff sack (especially when a tent is wet). The stuff method is undoubtedly faster and easier – it just requires a little attention so you don’t catch a bunch of twigs in the mesh as you go.

We Like Rolling our tents for Long Term storage & stuffing Them Carefully While on the trail


When possible, set up your tent out of direct sunlight, maybe under a tree canopy or in the shadow of a rock wall. Over time, sun exposure will degrade the polyester or nylon fibers that make up the main tent fabric and can delaminate some waterproof coatings, rendering a rainfly less effective.

Most tents are treated for UV-reSIStance, but prolonged setup in the sun will take its toll

Tent Cleaning At Home

Before you hit the trail, carefully inspect your tent. If a tent is stored damp or in a damp space, there’s a high probability it will harbor mold and mildew. This is an instance where the nose knows – you’ll almost certainly be able to smell the funk. Below are some general tips for spot cleaning and deodorizing your tent, and resealing its seams.

Tempting as it may be, avoid using washing machines (especially older models with an agitator) and dryers as they stress the seams, zippers, and mesh of your tent.

It’s well worth the effort to set up your tent & Inspect it pre-trip if you haven’t used it in a long time


Pre-treat any stains with an organic citrus-based solvent or mild dish soap and a non-abrasive sponge. If you’re dealing with stubborn tree sap, try rubbing it with an ice cube to harden it before scraping it off. You can also sandwich a sap spot with paper and very cautiously run a warm iron over it (it’s effective and also very risky – synthetic tent fibers will melt if they get too hot). After you spot-clean the problem areas, give the tent a good all-over wash by following the steps below.

Spot treat problem areas on your tent appropriately before giving it a full wash


If the tent needs a deep cleaning or needs to be recoated because the waterproofing has worn away, use a cleaner specifically formulated for outdoor gear. Our go-to tech cleaner, Nikwax Tech Wash, can be used to remove dirt and residue that otherwise prevents waterproof coatings from bonding to the tent fabric.

Nikwax Tech Wash protects your tent’s Durable Water Repellent (DWR) finish

If your tent has a really strong odor similar to vomit (an odor caused by a specific strain of mold), fill a laundry utility sink or a bathtub with warm water and 4 cups of baking soda or a cup of enzyme cleaner. Soak for about two hours. Rinse, dry, and check for lingering odors. If the funk still isn’t gone, repeat as necessary. Make sure it’s 100% dry before storing your tent and avoid keeping it in an already-damp space like a basement.

If your tent needs to be seam sealed, use a reputable product like Gear Aid’s Seam Grip

Re-Waterproofing Your Tent


Check the seams on the rainfly, tent body, and floor to see if the tape is still smooth and flat. It can start to lift up around areas of stress – especially the seam between the floor and canopy, on corners, pole sleeves, and zippers. Untaped seams that were previously sealed will show peeling when they need to be retreated. To reseal your tent:

  • Determine where the seam sealer should be applied – on the inside or outside of the seam. To be honest, the tents we use almost universally are sealed on the inside but check to see which side the original tape or sealant was applied to. One way to do this is to dribble some water on the seam. If the droplets pool or puddle up, the seal is on the opposite side. If the droplets bead up or roll away, you are probably on the side of the original seal.
  • Using a ¼-inch foam or bristle paintbrush, recoat seams in the floor and interior walls of the tent body and fly. Look for any pinholes in the tent, hitting them with a little dab of the same sealant.
  • Allow sealed seams to dry 24 hours before packing up the tent or moving on to recoating the tent body, floor, and fly.
Gear Aid Seam Grip can be used to re-seal any type of seams


This should only be necessary on tents where the waterproofing has significantly degraded. One sign of this is when the fly or tent walls start to stick together. A good product is Gear Aid’s Tent Fabric Sealant.

You shouldn’t have to re-seal a new tent for a long time, but when the time comes it’s a simple process

To apply a new waterproofing:

  • Lay the tent on a hard surface and scrub off as much of the flaky coating as you can using a bristle brush. Wash and dry per the above instructions.
  • Set the tent body up on a clean, hard surface and apply two coats of sealant (let the first dry 24 hours). A wide 2- to 3-inch foam brush makes application easy and produces a clear and flexible finish that will make your tent look almost new. Spray PU is also an effective option, albeit more expensive. We like NikWax Tent & Gear SolarProof which includes solar-proofing and waterproofing in one.
  • Allow to dry at least 24 hours before packing up.
Tenacious Tape & a small Sewing kit should cover your bases for temporary tent fixes in the field


If a zipper gets stuck, don’t yank on it. Hold the fabric tight and try to work out the jam with small movements. If you have a graphite pencil with you, it may help to rub the tip on the teeth. An emergency fix for a door with broken zippers that will (sort of) spare you aggravation in buggy environments is to keep some small safety pins in your repair kit for pinning the door closed. To actually fix a broken zipper, you’ll need to use a zipper repair kit at home.

Use The velcro & clips on the fly to reduce stress on the zippers


Duct tape is a solid repair option for poles that break in the field. For our trips, we cut a 2-3-foot section of duct tape and wrap it around a trekking pole or a lighter. Most new tents come with a small 4-6 inch section of pole material to use as a splint or you can use a tent stake to make one. Place the splint across the broken or bent sections and wrap duct tape around it to hold it all together. When you get home, check with the retailer, manufacturer, or Tent Pole Technologies for a replacement pole.

Most new tents come with a pole splint, but you could also buy one sepArately, or improvise with a tent stake

How to Re-Tension Slack in Poles

If your tent poles are too slack, they may not provide a taut, stable structure when you set up the tent. This is one of the typical ways poles break. Once home, you can either completely replace the shock cords in them or simply shorten the existing cords.

To shorten existing shock cords, pull the aluminum end cap off each pole (carefully, using a strong grip plier). Holding onto the slack cord, pull it until it is taut (on the open end), keeping all the pole segments together. Cut the cord and tie a small knot. The cord should be about 65 to 75% of the length of the pole. Slip the little knot inside the end pole segment and replace the end cap.

If your tent poles have too much slack, you can tighten up or replace the shock cords inside


If you lose or damage a tent stake, you can improvise in the field with a combination of sticks and rocks. Drive a stick into the ground as you would a stake, then find heavy rocks to place in front of the stick (between stick and tent) to stabilize.

If you bend or lose a tent stake, it’s time to get creative with rocks & sticks to secure your tent

Tent Storage Tips

After you return home from your trip, it’s easy to just throw your gear in the garage and let it sit until your next trip. However, how you store your tent can have a notable impact on its longevity.


Allowing your tent to dry 100% before storage is maybe the single most important piece of tent care. Storing a damp tent will cause the tent fabric to mildew, which is not only smelly, but also degrades the waterproof coating on the fabric.

Air Out your tent & let it dry completely before storing it long term


Instead of storing your tent in a stuff sack long term, pack it loosely in a large mesh bag or a duffel bag. This will help prevent moisture from getting trapped which reduces the chance of mold and mildew.

Storing your tent losely is much better for its longevity than keeping it tightly packed in a stuff sack


Though unheated basements, attics, garages or storage units seem like the best place to get gear out of the way, most will lack insulation and will be inherently musty or damp. Instead, store your tent in a heated area of your home, like a spare bedroom, hall closet, or under your bed.

More Information

We hope this guide helps you care for your tent properly so you can use it for years of outdoor adventures. As always, please leave a comment below if you have any recommendations, questions, or suggestions, or visit our Facebook page and Instagram to join the community conversation.